RLI: Bulgaria at the bottom of Europe in terms of the rule of law – Novinite.com
Bulgaria improved his results on the rule of rightmoving up two positions to 60th from last year’s 62nd place among 140 countries, under the rule of Right Index (RLI) of the world Justice Project (WJP) for 2022. Bulgaria country has 55 points (1 more than last year) out of a possible 100.
However, according to data from the European region, the position of Bulgaria is not so encouraging. There, our country ranks penultimate – 30th position out of 31, with only Hungary placed after it (73rd place in the world).
Over the past year, 13 countries out of a total of 31 recorded declines in the European Union, European Free Trade Association and North America. Of these 13 countries, 4 also recorded a decline in the previous year.
With regard to restrictions on the powers of the state, Bulgaria drops from 95th to 81st place, but in corruption there is a drop of one position – from 76th to 77th place. The first factor measures the degree to which leaders are bound by law. It includes the means, both constitutional and institutional, by which the powers of the government and its officials and representatives are limited and accountable to law. It also includes non-governmental mechanisms for controlling power, such as a free and independent press. The second factor considers three forms of corruption: bribery, improper influence of public or private interests, and misappropriation of public funds or other resources. These three forms of corruption are examined in relation to officials in the executive, judiciary, military, police and legislature.
In terms of the presence of transparent governance, Bulgaria gains two positions – from 56th to 54th place, and with regard to fundamental rights, it loses two positions – from 57th to 59th. The first assessment focuses on open government, defined by the extent to which government shares information, gives people tools to hold government accountable, and encourages citizen engagement in public policy debate. This factor measures whether the basic laws and information about legal rights are published and assesses the quality of information published by the government. The rights assessment focuses on a relatively modest menu of rights firmly established under the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights and most closely linked to the rule of law. right concerns.
In the field of order and security, Bulgaria is again down two positions – to 51st from 49th place.
In the implementation of an appropriate civil procedure Justice, Bulgaria maintains its position from last year – 66th, and in criminal matters Justice it deteriorated by one position – from 72nd to 71st in 2021. WJP’s rule of Right The index measures whether ordinary people can resolve their grievances peacefully and effectively through the civil process. Justice system. It measures whether the Justice the systems are accessible and affordable, and whether they are free from discrimination, corruption and undue influence by government officials. It examines whether court proceedings take place without undue delay and whether judgments are effectively enforced. It also measures the accessibility, impartiality and effectiveness of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. An efficient criminal Justice system is a key aspect of the rule of right as it is the conventional mechanism for redressing complaints and prosecuting individuals for crimes against society. An assessment of the provision of Justice should consider the whole system, including police, lawyers, prosecutors, judges and prison staff.
For the fifth consecutive year, the rule of right has declined worldwide. World initial data Justice A project in 140 countries and jurisdictions shows that compliance with the rule of right decreased in 61% of countries this year.
Overall, the Scandinavian countries again occupy the first places in the ranking of compliance with the rule of rightwith Denmark as the honorary leader, followed by Norway, Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands, who this year eliminated Germany from the golden five.
Last at 140 is Venezuela, which ranks just behind Cambodia and Afghanistan at 139 and 138.
Worldwide, 4.4 billion people live in countries where the rule of right has declined over the past year.
“We are coming out of the pandemic, but the global recession in the state of right keep on going“, said Elizabeth Andersen, executive director of the World Justice Project. “Basically, the rule of right is about Justice— i.e. responsibility, equal rights and Justice for everyone. And a less just world will certainly be more unstable.“
Index data shows that pre-pandemic authoritarian tendencies – such as weaker executive control and increased attacks on the media – continue to undermine the rule of right globally.
However, the decline is less widespread and extreme than last year, when the Covid shutdown dramatically disrupted Justice systems and governments exercised emergency powers that restricted civil liberties and circumvented transparency mechanisms.
The WJP Index is the world’s leading source of independent rule of law data. It is based on extensive surveys of more than 154,000 ordinary people and 3,600 legal practitioners and experts to measure the rule of right out of eight factors. The factor scores are averaged to determine an overall rule of right score for each country.
Some of the biggest global declines this year are in index factors associated with rising authoritarianism and the long-term erosion of the rule of law. This year, respect for fundamental rights has declined in two-thirds of the countries. Control of state power – such as oversight by the judiciary, legislature and media – has declined in 58% of states this year.
The other major factor behind the global decline this year is the Justicelargely due to ongoing pandemic-related delays, has weakened right law enforcement and increasing discrimination in civil matters Justice systems. Scores for this factor have declined in 61% of states this year.
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